Artificial intelligence (Smart City + AI) lies at the core of numerous technological solutions for smart cities. Vladimir Krylov, Artezio’s Science Advisor and Professor of Mathematics, believes that the concept of a smart city is constantly evolving, and that very soon we will see the potential of smart city integration using artificial intelligence
“In a year, new areas of integration of these trends will appear, both technological and organizational. A smart city is a place that uses information and technologies to improve the quality and efficiency of city services (such as energy and transport, healthcare and security, etc.), thus reducing resource consumption, preventing losses, and improving overall costs,” he says.
“Smart cities are not only based on information and computer technologies, but most importantly, they apply technology in such a way that it has a positive impact on citizens. AI together with IoT is capable of solving key problems caused by dense concentration of urban population, including traffic management, healthcare, energy crises, and other issues. It can help improve the lives of citizens and enterprises in smart cities. AI and IoT can implement smart solutions for traffic management so that citizens of a smart city can move from one location to another safely and effectively,” believes the expert.
For example, thanks to built-in road sensors for parking spaces, smart parking solutions can determine whether parking lots are free and create a real-time parking map. It reduces the time spent by drivers searching for parking and can help minimize traffic jams and air pollution.
Waste collection, proper waste management and disposal are essential city services. The increase in urban population demands the adoption of smart methods for waste management. Applying AI for smart waste recycling can provide a sustainable system of waste management.
As crime exists everywhere, smart cities also require the implementation of smart police activities. AI application can aid in reducing crime when law enforcement uses strategies based on actual data that is efficient and cost-effective. This is an important and proven area of AI application.
Streetlights consume a substantial amount of energy that can be reduced with the help of smart lighting. They also have the capability of being equipped with additional sensors or serve as Wi-Fi and 5 G access points. Smart lights can adjust brightness depending on the presence of pedestrians, cyclists, and cars.
The infrastructure of a smart city is based on deployment of smart management systems. Smart management implies the smart use of AI for improving the process of decision making by means of closer collaboration between government and citizens. Smart management can use data, proofs, and other resources to enhance the decision making process and help in meeting the needs of citizens.
According to Vladimir Krylov, the bond between smart cities and AI can be very efficient. But the efficiency of AI application, as the expert notes, is determined by the rationality of its use, planned at the design stage of a smart city and its systems.
“Therefore, everything depends entirely on people. For cities to gain real benefits from the potential that smart cities offer, it is necessary to change its mindset. Authorities need to plan the use of AI abilities in all fields. Although a project budget can be a serious issue, results of successful implementation of smart city components around the world prove that when implemented correctly, smart cities are comparatively cost-effective,” says Vladimir Krylov.
Thus, transition to smart cities not only creates new working places, but also helps preserve the environment, saves energy costs, and increases revenue.